Equipment of the United States Coast Guard | Wikipedia audio article

Equipment of the United States Coast Guard | Wikipedia audio article


The United States Coast Guard uses cutters
and small boats on the water, and fixed- and rotary wing (helicopters) aircraft in the
air. The Coast Guard employs various small arms
including handguns, shotguns, rifles, and machine guns.==Watercraft=====Cutters===
Originally, the Coast Guard used the term cutter in its traditional sense, as a type
of small sailing ship. Today it officially uses the term for any
vessel which has a permanently assigned crew and accommodations for the extended support
of that crew, and includes only and all vessels of 65-foot (20 m) or more in length.Larger
cutters (over 181 feet (55 m) in length) are controlled by Area Commands (Atlantic Area
or Pacific Area). Smaller cutters come under control of district
commands. Cutters usually carry a motor surf boat and/or
a rigid-hulled inflatable boat. Polar-class icebreakers (WAGB) carry an Arctic
survey boat (ASB) and landing craft. The Coast Guard formerly leased 179-foot Cyclone-class
coastal patrol ships from the U.S. Navy. All are homeported in Pascagoula, Mississippi. These vessels were used primarily for counterdrug
patrols. Four have now been returned to the navy. Any Coast Guard crew with officers or petty
officers assigned has law-enforcement authority (14 USC Sec. 89) and can conduct armed boardings. For a complete list of cutters see: United
States Coast Guard Cutter and List of United States Coast Guard cutters
Polar Security Cutter: The Polar Security Cutter Program is the program to replace the
United States Coast Guard’s aging fleet of icebreakers. Polar-class icebreaker (WAGB): There are three
WAGB’s, all home ported in Seattle, Washington. Two are 399-foot (122 m) icebreakers (Polar
Sea and Polar Star), and one newer 420-foot (130 m) icebreaker, Healy. National Security Cutter (WMSL) (aka Legend-class)
High Endurance Cutter (WHEC): These are 12 Hamilton class cutters, 378 feet (115 m) along
the waterline. Only 3 still in use, with 8 having been transferred
to the Philippines, Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Nigeria. USCGC Mackinaw (WLBB-30): Mackinaw is a 240-foot
(73 m) heavy icebreaker built for operations on the North American Great Lakes and home
ported at Cheboygan, Michigan. USCGC Eagle (WIX-327): Eagle is home ported
at the Coast Guard Academy in New London, Connecticut. It is used for training voyages for Coast
Guard Academy cadets and Coast Guard officer candidates. USCGC Eagle was built in Germany as the Horst
Wessel, and was taken by the United States as a war reparation in 1945. Heritage-class Offshore Patrol Cutter (Still
in development) Medium Endurance Cutter (WMEC): These include
fourteen 210-foot (64 m) Reliance-class cutters, thirteen 270-foot (82 m) Famous-class cutters,
and the 282-foot (86 m) Alex Haley. 179-foot Cyclone-class coastal patrol ships:
All ships formerly operated by the USCG were transferred back to the navy along with one
transferred to the Philippine Navy. Seagoing Buoy Tender (WLB): There are 16 Juniper-class
buoy tenders being commissioned. USCG coastal buoy tender
USCG Katmai Bay class icebreaking tug 156-foot Sentinel-class Fast Response Cutter
110-foot Island Class Cutter (WPB): There are currently 41 110′ patrol boats in active
duty service in the U.S. Coast Guard. Eight additional 110-foot patrol boats were
extended to 123 feet (37 m) but structural issues developed shortly after these conversions
and the cutters were deemed unsafe to operate. The Coast Guard as of 2007 the USCG was seeking
a$50million refund from Bollinger Shipyards. Six of the WPB fleet are assigned to the Patrol
Forces Southwest Asia (PATFORSWA) in the Persian Gulf to assist guarding Iraq’s waters. 87-foot Marine Protector Class Cutter (WPB):
This is a class of 87-foot (27 m) patrol boats. 65-foot Small Harbor Tug (WYTL): This is a
class of fifteen tugs used by the United States Coast Guard for search and rescue, law enforcement,
aids-to-navigation work and light icebreaking.===Boats===The Coast Guard operates about 1,402 boats,
defined as any vessel less than 65 feet (20 meters) in length, which generally operate
near shore and on inland waterways. The most common is 25 feet (7.62 m) long,
of which the Guard has more than 350; the shortest is 12 feet (4 m). The Coast Guard boat fleet includes: Arctic Survey Boat (ASB)
52-foot Motor Life Boat (MLB): The Coast Guard currently has four of the 52-foot motor life
boats, a craft designed from the ground up to serve in challenging surf conditions. All four craft are currently assigned to surf
stations in the Pacific Northwest. 47-foot Motor Life Boat (MLB): The Coast Guard’s
primary heavy-weather boat used for search and rescue as well as law enforcement and
homeland security. Aids to Navigation Boats (TANB/BUSL/ANB/ANB)
Transportable Port Security Boat (TPSB): 25-foot (7.6 m) boat, based on the commercial version
of the 25-foot (8 m) center-console Boston Whaler, suitable for work in inland waters,
easily transportable by trailer. These are primarily used by Port Security
Units for force protection in naval support areas abroad, as well as, ports of embarkation/debarkation
in expeditionary areas. Most recently these boats and units were deployed
to Kuwait in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. The durability, versatility, and mobility
of these boats make them ideal for this type of operation.The Coast Guard planned to reduce
the inventory of Boston Whalers because of the lack of interoperable spare parts. On Friday, July 13th, the General Services
Administration approved the transfer of 10 Coast Guard boats to the Army in Iraq. The boats, 24-foot and 27-foot Boston Whalers
with trailers, had an original acquisition cost of more than $800,000. The Army is looking for approximately 55 Riverine
or Patrol style boats to conduct water interdiction, river denial and island clearance missions,
troop transport and insertion on a regular basis; the Coast Guard is providing the Army
with the Boston Whalers and one Ambar boat, a patrol type vessel.32 ft Transportable Port
Security Boat (TPSB): A 32-foot boat designed to replace the 25 foot TPSB boat with various
improvements in crew safety, protection, and comfort.Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat (RHI):
a rigid-hulled inflatable boat, powered by a gasoline outboard motor or an inboard/outboard
diesel engine. The RHI can be easily deployed from a cutter
with a four-point bridle for davit lifting and lowering. The RHI’s portability and ruggedness allow
it to be used on many kinds of missions. USCG Short Range Prosecutor (SRP): A 7-meter
(23 ft) launch that can be launched from a rear launching ramp, at speed. USCG Long Range Interceptor (LRI): An 11-meter
(36 ft) high-speed launch that can be launched from the rear ramps of the larger Deepwater
cutters. Response Boat-Small (Defender-Class): A high-speed
boat, for a variety of missions, including search and rescue, port security and law enforcement
duties. The original 25-foot boats built by SAFE Boats
International (Secure All-around Flotation Equipped) of Port Orchard, Washington are
being replaced by 29-foot boats built by Metal Shark Boats of Jeanerette, LA. Response boat – Small II: A small multi-purpose
boat designed to replace the Defender class boats. 45-Foot Response Boat – Medium: The Coast
Guard has signed a multi-year contract for 180 Response Boat – Medium (RB-M) boats
that were delivered starting in 2008 to replace the 41′ UTB boats. These aluminum boats are 45 feet (13.7 m)
in length, have twin diesel engines (total 1650 hp), are self-righting, have a four crew,
six passenger capacity, are equippable with two .50 caliber machine guns, have an excellent
fendering system, have a top speed of 42 knots (78 km/h), and are capable of towing a 100-ton
vessel in eight-foot seas. The boats were built by Kvichak Marine Industries
of Kent, Washington and Marinette Marine of Manitowoc, Wisconsin. There are a number of Special Purpose Crafts
(SPC), as follows: 18′, 20′ and 22′ Airboats (SPC-AIR & SPC-Airboat), 36′ Boarding Team
Delivery (SPD-BTD), 52′ Heavy Weather (SPC-HWX), 33′ Law Enforcement (SPC-LE), 42′ Near Shore
Lifeboat (SPC-NSB), 24′ Shallow Water (SPC-SW),64′ Screening Vessel (SPC-SV), 38′ Training Boat
(SPC-TB), 39′ Tactical Training Boat (SPC-TTR) USCG Auxiliary Operational Facilities: The
Coast Guard surface fleet is augmented by privately owned vessels operated by the United
States Coast Guard Auxiliary.==Aircraft==The Coast Guard operates about 210 aircraft. Fixed-wing aircraft (such as Lockheed HC-130
Hercules turboprops) operate from Air Stations on long-duration missions. Helicopters (Aérospatiale HH-65 Dolphin,
Sikorsky HH-60J Jayhawk, and Agusta MH-68 Stingray) operate from Air Stations, Air Facilities,
and flight-deck equipped cutters, and can rescue people or intercept smuggling vessels. Some special MH- designated helicopters are
armed with guns and some are equipped with armor to protect against small arms fire. The Coast Guard flies several aircraft types: 27 Lockheed HC-130 Hercules
42 Sikorsky MH-60T Jayhawk 102 Airbus MH-65 Dolphin
11 HC-27J Spartan Out of 14 on order. 18 CASA HC-144A Ocean Sentry. 2 Gulfstream C-37A aircraft as a VIP transport
for high-ranking Coast Guard and Homeland Security officials. An unspecified number of RG-8A Condors. The Coast Guard is planning to purchase 36
CASA CN-235 from Spanish aircraft manufacturer Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) for
medium range search. As of 26 February 2008, 3 aircraft have been
delivered for testing and integration with a further 5 planned. During testing, one aircraft was pulled into
active duty for the search of downed Air Force pilots, in which the aircraft demonstrated
its capabilities. The Coast Guard was to purchase the Bell Eagle
Eye UAV as part of the Deepwater program, but this has been cancelled. The Coast Guard is currently preparing to
launch a small UAS competition for the Legend-class NSC and future Heritage-class cutter.In addition
to regular Coast Guard aircraft, privately owned general aviation aircraft are used by
Coast Guard Auxiliarists for patrols and search-and-rescue missions.==Land vehicles====
Small arms====
Communications==Coast Guard radio stations cover a wide geographical
area using very high frequency and high frequency radios. There are eight major radio stations covering
long-range transmissions and an extensive network of VHF radio stations along the nation’s
coastline and inland rivers. The current communication system is the Rescue
21. Rescue 21 is an advanced maritime command,
control, and communications (C3) system. The OMEGA navigation system and the LORAN-C
transmitters outside the USA were run until 1994 also by the United States Coast Guard,
and LORAN-C transmitters within the US were decommissioned on June 1, 2010, with the exception
of 5 CONUS LORAN-C stations that continue to be manned due to international agreements.==See also==
Equipment of the United States Army Equipment of the United States Air Force
Equipment of the United States Navy Equipment of the United States Marine Corps

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