The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you – Anthony Hazard

The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you – Anthony Hazard


Slavery, the treatment of human beings as property,
deprived of personal rights, has occurred in many forms
throughout the world. But one institution stands out for
both its global scale and its lasting legacy. The Atlantic slave trade, occurring from the late 15th
to the mid 19th century and spanning three continents, forcibly brought more than 10 million Africans
to the Americas. The impact it would leave affected
not only these slaves and their descendants, but the economies and histories
of large parts of the world. There had been centuries of contact
between Europe and Africa via the Mediterranean. But the Atlantic slave trade
began in the late 1400s with Portuguese colonies in West Africa, and Spanish settlement
of the Americas shortly after. The crops grown in the new colonies,
sugar cane, tobacco, and cotton, were labor intensive, and there were not enough settlers
or indentured servants to cultivate all the new land. American Natives were enslaved,
but many died from new diseases, while others effectively resisted. And so to meet the massive
demand for labor, the Europeans looked to Africa. African slavery had existed
for centuries in various forms. Some slaves were indentured servants, with a limited term
and the chance to buy one’s freedom. Others were more like European serfs. In some societies, slaves could
be part of a master’s family, own land, and even rise
to positions of power. But when white captains came offering
manufactured goods, weapons, and rum for slaves, African kings and merchants
had little reason to hesitate. They viewed the people they sold
not as fellow Africans but criminals, debtors,
or prisoners of war from rival tribes. By selling them, kings enriched
their own realms, and strengthened them
against neighboring enemies. African kingdoms prospered
from the slave trade, but meeting the European’s massive demand
created intense competition. Slavery replaced other criminal sentences, and capturing slaves
became a motivation for war, rather than its result. To defend themselves from slave raids, neighboring kingdoms
needed European firearms, which they also bought with slaves. The slave trade had become an arms race, altering societies and economies
across the continent. As for the slaves themselves,
they faced unimaginable brutality. After being marched
to slave forts on the coast, shaved to prevent lice, and branded, they were loaded onto ships
bound for the Americas. About 20% of them
would never see land again. Most captains of the day
were tight packers, cramming as many men
as possible below deck. While the lack of sanitation
caused many to die of disease, and others were thrown
overboard for being sick, or as discipline, the captain’s ensured their profits
by cutting off slave’s ears as proof of purchase. Some captives took matters
into their own hands. Many inland Africans
had never seen whites before, and thought them to be cannibals, constantly taking people away
and returning for more. Afraid of being eaten,
or just to avoid further suffering, they committed suicide
or starved themselves, believing that in death,
their souls would return home. Those who survived
were completley dehumanized, treated as mere cargo. Women and children were kept above deck
and abused by the crew, while the men were made to perform dances in order to keep them exercised
and curb rebellion. What happened to those Africans
who reached the New World and how the legacy of slavery
still affects their descendants today is fairly well known. But what is not often discussed is the effect that the Atlantic slave trade
had on Africa’s future. Not only did the continent lose
tens of millions of its able-bodied population, but because most of the slaves
taken were men, the long-term demographic
effect was even greater. When the slave trade was finally
outlawed in the Americas and Europe, the African kingdoms whose economies
it had come to dominate collapsed, leaving them open
to conquest and colonization. And the increased competition
and influx of European weapons fueled warfare and instability
that continues to this day. The Atlantic slave trade also contributed
to the development of racist ideology. Most African slavery had no deeper reason
than legal punishment or intertribal warfare, but the Europeans
who preached a universal religion, and who had long ago
outlawed enslaving fellow Christians, needed justification for a practice so obviously at odds
with their ideals of equality. So they claimed that
Africans were biologically inferior and destined to be slaves, making great efforts
to justify this theory. Thus, slavery in Europe and the Americas
acquired a racial basis, making it impossible for slaves
and their future descendants to attain equal status in society. In all of these ways, the Atlantic slave trade
was an injustice on a massive scale whose impact has continued
long after its abolition.

54 thoughts on “The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you – Anthony Hazard

  • October 19, 2019 at 5:37 am
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    The problem that we have today is what to do with all these blacks , They keep breeding ,My god in some cities they are packed right in there. Everywhere they go it seems they destroy everything .There must be a solution .

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  • October 19, 2019 at 6:40 am
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    😂😂😂😂😂..nope didn't happen like that ..we were already in the so called America ..don't believe that spit coining from the same people who Brian washed us into thinking we came from Africa

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  • October 19, 2019 at 8:31 am
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    Deuteronomy 28:68 kjv

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  • October 19, 2019 at 7:46 pm
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    WHAT ABOUT RICE ??????? 1:40. YOU START LYING. I AM DONE…….

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  • October 19, 2019 at 9:41 pm
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    LORD JESUS WIN ON CROSS FOR US 🙏 LORD JESUS IS GOD ❤️ ADONAI❤️ ! Please Repent IN JESUS NAME ❤️ ADONAI❤️ ! We are Last generation . Read Bible .

    Reply
  • October 21, 2019 at 2:34 pm
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    Who else here from world geo class?

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  • October 22, 2019 at 1:02 pm
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    Sterilized explanation. More than 10 million died in the middle passage alone.

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  • October 23, 2019 at 4:39 am
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    African kings sold out thier people..

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  • October 23, 2019 at 7:01 am
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    Now do the Trans – Sahara Middle East slavery.

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  • October 23, 2019 at 7:13 pm
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    #kkk lazy

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  • October 23, 2019 at 7:13 pm
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    White man lazy

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  • October 23, 2019 at 7:14 pm
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    #kkk

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  • October 23, 2019 at 7:14 pm
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    #blackcivilrights

    Reply
  • October 23, 2019 at 9:31 pm
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    christians whites still enslave whole continents. Africa's blood is still being devoured and sucked by white christians. slavery just morphed into exploitations that's christian Europeans still practice even more brutally to this day.

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  • October 24, 2019 at 3:49 am
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    Huh looks like they literally sold there own people out

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  • October 24, 2019 at 5:21 am
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    Very good

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  • October 24, 2019 at 4:44 pm
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    How do you know if they Prisoners what are their names

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  • October 24, 2019 at 4:45 pm
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    Why did President do anything about it

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  • October 25, 2019 at 6:54 am
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    430 years slavery

    Sicut dudum (English: Just as Long Ago) is a papal bull promulgated by Pope Eugene IV in Florence on January 13, 1435, which forbade the enslavement of local natives in the Canary Island's  who had converted or were converting to Christianity.

    The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. In
    Congress, it was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, and by the House on January 31, 1865. 

    Galatians 3:17

    What I mean is this: The law, introduced 430 years later, does not set aside the covenant previously established by God and thus do away with the promise.

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  • October 26, 2019 at 12:42 am
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    INDEED!!

    Reply
  • October 26, 2019 at 1:30 am
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    THANK YOU <OvO>

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  • October 26, 2019 at 2:41 pm
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    A crucial piece of information that the absolute mayority of slaves waa captured and sold by North African Arabs.

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  • October 26, 2019 at 5:43 pm
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    America Europe Middle East etc were raiding pillaging and enslaving blacks from Africa Barbados and the Caribbean

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  • October 26, 2019 at 7:09 pm
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    @1:17 stop! ✋. There were definitely enough settlers to cultivate the land for the needs of its community. But their companies at the time just like the companies of today we're greedy and wanted to sell everything to everybody. And therefore needed more bodies to produce more Goods to sell a broad. Think about it if you have more farmland land than people. It's not going to take that much of the labor Force to meet demands for the goods.

    Reply
  • October 27, 2019 at 10:52 am
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    Wat a world .. despite everything nothing seems changing ..

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  • October 27, 2019 at 11:17 pm
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    people who didn't have money use people as access

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  • October 28, 2019 at 3:51 pm
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    This is BS lmao this our land we not Africans so stop the lies we are the aboriginal

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  • October 28, 2019 at 7:18 pm
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    Didn't tell you because it didn't happen anyone can make videos

    Reply
  • October 29, 2019 at 6:07 pm
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    No mention of the countless Africans who were just straight up, kidnapped?

    Reply
  • October 30, 2019 at 12:33 am
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    give me a break of of that kit cat bar

    Reply
  • October 30, 2019 at 6:18 pm
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    VIEWERS BEWARE : FAKE NEWS
    INSUFFICIENT INFO
    UNPROVEN FACTS
    QUESTIONS : WHERE ARE SOME OF THOSE SHIPS?
    WOODEN SAIL BOATS?
    1 MONTH WITHOUT EATING?
    DEVOURING ATLANTIC SEAS?

    Reply
  • October 30, 2019 at 6:20 pm
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    10 's of MILLIONS
    BASICALLY THE WHOLE CONTINENT?
    THIS IS IMPOSSIBLE
    STRAIGHT OUT LIES

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  • October 30, 2019 at 6:22 pm
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    THERE WERE INDIGENOUS ABORIGINALS ALREADY ON THE CONTINENT..

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  • October 30, 2019 at 6:25 pm
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    DO A COLOR PRIZM TEST
    1 BUCKET OF BLK PAINT
    1 JAR OF WHITE PAINT INTO IT
    EQUALS VERY ALMOST TO NO CHANGE
    IN REVERSE TOTAL CHANGE

    Reply
  • November 1, 2019 at 1:54 pm
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    Farts

    Reply
  • November 2, 2019 at 1:03 am
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    https://youtu.be/JnYDuLkSM7M

    Reply
  • November 2, 2019 at 2:32 am
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    So much accuracy left out of this presentation.

    Reply
  • November 2, 2019 at 4:16 am
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    It's because Muslims are untouchable in the current progressive culture in the US, you'll be called an Islamophobe for mentioning that,

    Reply
  • November 2, 2019 at 6:40 pm
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    The art and story is fantastic…

    Reply
  • November 5, 2019 at 5:48 am
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    Can we just send them all back now..

    Reply
  • November 7, 2019 at 12:26 am
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    What Jews ran and blame on whites…..

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  • November 7, 2019 at 9:16 pm
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    American bill of rights 13th amendment SLAVERY OUTLAWED (EXCEPT FOR TAX PAYER SLAVERY) TAX PAYER SLAVERY IS STILL LEGAL IN THE USA TO THIS VERY DAY IN 2019

    Reply
  • November 9, 2019 at 6:14 pm
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    Reading all the comments criticizing the content of this video is kind of intimidating because of how vast this topic is, but I really want to educate myself on it. If anybody knows a good accurate source and could tell me I would be super grateful! 🙂

    Reply
  • November 10, 2019 at 8:53 pm
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    …that Jews were disproportionately involved in it?

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  • November 10, 2019 at 9:07 pm
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    Islamic slavery were is that in this story ?

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  • November 11, 2019 at 8:59 am
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    Lincoln made a mistake.

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  • November 11, 2019 at 9:12 pm
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    Just a way to white wash slavery. Remember they killed millions of Tainos when they got here too. Fed babies to dogs Columbus men did. Indians in Indian were enslaved also. Africa was carved up and colonized also. The attrocities go for miles

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  • November 13, 2019 at 7:56 am
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    uhhhh no…. the royal folks across the pond said " you can't have a country, with people, you NEED people in order to call yourselves a country, you bloody fools".

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  • November 13, 2019 at 1:49 pm
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    Just looking at the map of Africa and America in this video, I already knew that the rest wil be totally wrong.

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  • November 15, 2019 at 7:32 am
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    Liars lying about the truth on slavery. smh. The earth is taking care of them.

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  • November 16, 2019 at 10:32 am
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    Ruined the United States

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  • November 16, 2019 at 5:28 pm
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    3:25 that slaves killed themselve because they were afraid to be eaten really hit me

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  • November 16, 2019 at 6:04 pm
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    Did you forget to mention thta Jews orchestrated and completely controlled every facet of it, from inception, funding, a shipping, marketing, sales and buyers. 40% of jewish households owned slaves in the 1860 census, compared to 1.5% of whites.

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  • November 16, 2019 at 10:28 pm
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    Admittedly human trafficking and slavery was essentially a Jewish business.

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  • November 18, 2019 at 9:49 pm
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    This is a lie.

    Reply

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