United States Coast Guard Reserve | Wikipedia audio article

United States Coast Guard Reserve | Wikipedia audio article


The United States Coast Guard Reserve is the
reserve component of the United States Coast Guard. It is organized, trained, administered, and
supplied under the direction of the Commandant of the Coast Guard through the Assistant Commandant
for Reserve (CG-R).==Mission==
The mission of the Coast Guard Reserve is stated in the Reserve Policy Statement issued
in 2018: America’s Coast Guard is an Armed Service,
a critical instrument of national security, and a key component to the Nation’s emergency
response capability. As the Coast Guard’s ready force in garrison,
the Reserve Component provides operationally capable and ready personnel to support Coast
Guard surge and mobilization requirements in the Homeland and abroad. For over seventy-five years, our extraordinary
reservists have accomplished this through augmenting the Service’s day-to-day missions
while standing ready to mobilize in times of crisis. Serving as the Coast Guard’s only dedicated
surge force the Reserve Component is a contingency-based workforce, trained locally and deployed globally
to provide appropriately trained personnel to meet mission requirements within the prioritized
focus areas of Defense Operations, Ports, Waterways, and Coastal Security, Incident
Response and Management, & Mission Support. It is the duty of every commander, commanding
officer, officer-in-charge and program manager to provide the leadership and training necessary
for assigned Reserve Component members to be expertly trained and prepared for active-duty
when and where they are required. Active Duty for Training (ADT), Inactive Duty
Training (IDT) and assigned competencies should relate to the prioritized focus areas. Additionally I place the same level of responsibility
on every reservist to acquire and maintain the skills and personal readiness that our
Coast Guard mission sets and core values demand. The Reserve Component is as relevant and critical
to the Coast Guard’s organizational success today as at any time since 1941. We will continue to honor our citizen-sailors
and meet the needs of the Nation by adhering to our core values and bringing a total workforce
perspective to solve complex problems.==History==
The United States Coast Guard Reserve was originally established on 23 June 1939 as
a civilian reserve. This civilian reserve was renamed the United
States Coast Guard Auxiliary on the passage of the Coast Guard Reserve and Auxiliary Act
of 19 February 1941 and the military reserve commenced operations at that time.===World War II===
Persons joining the Coast Guard after 1 February 1942 were signed on as Regular Reservists
and were obligated to serve for “the duration plus six” months. These Reservists served in every type of job
that the Coast Guard had been tasked. Other volunteers and Coast Guard Auxiliary
members formed what was termed the Temporary Reserve and they generally served without
pay, receiving only reimbursement for fuel expenses on their privately owned boats to
perform coastal patrols and port security.The Women’s Reserve was authorized by act of Congress
on 23 November 1942 and soon became known as SPARS; derived from the Coast Guard’s Motto:
Semper Paratus, Always Ready. SPARS served in administrative, maintenance
and training functions in the United States. Lieutenant Commander (later Captain) Dorothy
C. Stratton was selected to head the SPAR Program and is credited with naming the group.Because
all of the personnel inducted in the Coast Guard after the start of the war were Reservists,
only 8% of the 214,000 Coast Guardsmen that served during World War II were non-reservists. An additional 125,000 Temporary Reservists
also contributed to the war effort. At the end of the war most Reservists were
released to inactive duty or discharged. The SPARS were disbanded in July 1947.===Cold War period===
Due to increased tensions during the Korean War period, the SPARS were re-established
in 1949 and Congress authorized funding of the first Coast Guard Reserve Units. The first units were known as ORTUPS (Organized
Reserve Training Unit, Port Security) and consisted of reserve officers and enlisted
training in port security operations. Meetings were generally held once a week for
4 hours on a week night. Four hours paid the reservist the equivalent
of one day’s pay for active duty Coast Guardsmen. There were 35 ORTUPS Units and 8300 Reservists
serving by July 1951.During the Vietnam War period and shortly thereafter, the Coast Guard
considered abandoning the Reserve program, but the force was instead reoriented into
force augmentation. The Coast Guard Reserve reached its peak strength
of 17,815 in 1969, during the Vietnam War.===Post-Vietnam War events=======Mobilizations====
In 1973 the Reserve exercised its first involuntary recall in support of flood operations in the
Midwest. The next involuntary recall was in support
of the Mariel Boat Lift exodus from Cuba in 1980. Reserve Units were increasingly used to augment
regular Coast Guard operations during the 1980s but the mission of the Reserves was
still training for mobilization. Port Security Units (PSU) were formed during
this time period and are made up of a small active duty element that handles the daily
unit administration duties and a hundred or more reservists to complete the unit roster. Most of the enlisted reservists in a PSU are
in the Maritime Enforcement Specialist (ME) rating; a new rating as of 1 January 2010
that includes both active and reserve personnel. The ME rating was the old Port Security Specialist
(PS) rating, a reserve only rating that was integrated into the ME rating. Other rates assigned to the PSU’s include
Boatswains Mate (BM), Machinery Technician (MK), Gunners Mate (GM), Yeoman (YN), Storekeeper
(SK), and Health Services Technician (HS). In 1990, the first PSU was called up to active
duty to support Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm. Various PSU’s have taken turns rotating in
and out of Southwest Asia since that time.====Team Coast Guard====
1994 saw the restructuring of the Reserve Program with the advent of the “Team Coast
Guard” concept. This led to the disestablishment of most Reserve
Units and the assignment of the Reservists to active duty commands. As a result, reservists work very closely
with their active duty counterparts, the Coast Guard Auxiliary, and Coast Guard civilians
as they augment the resources of active duty commands. PSUs are the only remaining reserve units,
as all other reservists are assigned to active duty commands. While reservists provide high-value augmentation
of active duty forces to assist in accomplishing everyday missions, each reservist must continually
balance augmentation duties with readiness for mobilization. Since 11 September 2001, over 8,500 reservists
have been activated.===Recent events===
In 1997, a memorandum of understanding was signed between the New York Naval Militia
and the U.S. Coast Guard, permitting Coast Guard Reservists to serve in the New York
Naval Militia, while simultaneously continuing their service in the Coast Guard Reserve.The
Commandant Staff has recently developed a plan for support that “optimizes the organization,
administration, recruiting, instruction, training, and readiness of the Coast Guard Reserve”
known as Reserve Force Readiness System (RFRS). This program will improve the administrative
and training readiness of the Reserve force. The plans for improvements in funding and
full-time support billets for the Reserve force are being evaluated during 2009 and
full implementation will be phased in over the next four years.==Organization==
The Coast Guard reservist normally trains two days a month and may perform up to 15
days of Active Duty for Training a year. The Coast Guard Reserve has about 8,000 men
and women in service, most of them integrated directly with regular Coast Guard units.==See also==
United States Coast Guard Army National Guard (U.S. Army)
United States Army Reserve United States Marine Corps Reserve
United States Navy Reserve Air National Guard (U.S. Air Force)
Air Force Reserve Command (U.S. Air Force)==Notes==
Footnotes Citations
References==
External links==Official website
The Reservist magazine U.S. Coast Guard Recruiting – Reserve opportunities

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