United States Coast Guard | Wikipedia audio article

United States Coast Guard | Wikipedia audio article


The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a
branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country’s seven uniformed services.
The Coast Guard is a maritime, military, multi-mission service unique among the U.S. military branches
for having a maritime law enforcement mission (with jurisdiction in both domestic and international
waters) and a federal regulatory agency mission as part of its mission set. It operates under
the U.S. Department of Homeland Security during peacetime, and can be transferred to the U.S.
Department of the Navy by the U.S. President at any time, or by the U.S. Congress during
times of war. This has happened twice, in 1917, during World War I, and in 1941, during
World War II.Created by Congress on 4 August 1790 at the request of Alexander Hamilton
as the Revenue Marine, it is the oldest continuous seagoing service of the United States. As
Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton headed the Revenue Marine, whose original purpose
was collecting customs duties in the nation’s seaports. By the 1860s, the service was known
as the U.S. Revenue Cutter Service and the term Revenue Marine gradually fell into disuse.The
modern Coast Guard was formed by a merger of the Revenue Cutter Service and the U.S.
Life-Saving Service on 28 January 1915, under the U.S. Department of the Treasury. As one
of the country’s five armed services, the Coast Guard has been involved in every U.S.
war from 1790 to the Iraq War and the War in Afghanistan.The Coast Guard has 40,992
men and women on active duty, 7,000 reservists, 31,000 auxiliarists, and 8,577 full-time civilian
employees, for a total workforce of 87,569. The Coast Guard maintains an extensive fleet
of 243 coastal and ocean-going patrol ships, tenders, tugs and icebreakers called “Cutters”,
and 1650 smaller boats, as well as an extensive aviation division consisting of 201 helicopters
and fixed-wing aircraft. While the U.S. Coast Guard is the smallest of the U.S. military
service branches, in terms of size, the U.S. Coast Guard by itself is the world’s 12th
largest naval force.==Mission=====Role===The Coast Guard has roles in maritime homeland
security, maritime law enforcement (MLE), maritime patrol, search and rescue (SAR),
marine environmental protection (MEP), and the maintenance of river, intracoastal and
offshore aids to navigation (ATON). With a decentralized organization and much
responsibility placed on even the most junior personnel, the Coast Guard is frequently lauded
for its quick responsiveness and adaptability in a broad range of emergencies. In a 2005
article in Time magazine following Hurricane Katrina, the author wrote, “the Coast Guard’s
most valuable contribution to [a military effort when catastrophe hits] may be as a
model of flexibility, and most of all, spirit.” Wil Milam, a rescue swimmer from Alaska told
the magazine, “In the Navy, it was all about the mission. Practicing for war, training
for war. In the Coast Guard, it was, take care of our people and the mission will take
care of itself.”===
Missions===The Coast Guard carries out three basic roles,
which are further subdivided into eleven statutory missions. The three roles are: Maritime safety
Maritime security Maritime stewardshipThe eleven statutory missions
as defined by law are divided into homeland security missions and non-homeland security
missions:====Non-homeland security missions====
Ice operations, including the International Ice Patrol
Living marine resources (fisheries law enforcement) Marine environmental protection
Marine safety Aids to navigation
Search and rescue====Homeland security missions====
Defense readiness Maritime law enforcement
Migrant interdiction Ports, waterways and coastal security (PWCS)
Drug interdiction===Search and Rescue===See National Search and Rescue Committee
See Joint Rescue Coordination CentersWhile the U. S. Coast Guard Search and Rescue (CG-SAR)[2]
is not the oldest search and rescue organization in the world it is one of the Coast Guard’s
best-known operations. The National Search and Rescue Plan designates the Coast Guard
as the federal agency responsible for maritime SAR operations, and the United States Air
Force as the federal agency responsible for inland SAR. Both agencies maintain rescue
coordination centers to coordinate this effort, and have responsibility for both military
and civilian search and rescue. The two services jointly provide instructor staff for the National
Search and Rescue School that trains SAR mission planners and coordinators. Previously located
on Governors Island, New York, the school is now located at Coast Guard Training Center
Yorktown at Yorktown, Virginia.===National Response Center===
Operated by the Coast Guard, the National Response Center (NRC) is the sole U.S. Government
point of contact for reporting all oil, chemical, radiological, and biological spills into the
environment anywhere in the United States and its territories. In addition to gathering
and distributing spill/incident information for Federal On Scene Coordinators and serving
as the communications and operations center for the National Response Team, the NRC maintains
agreements with a variety of federal entities to make additional notifications regarding
incidents meeting established trigger criteria. The NRC also takes Maritime Suspicious Activity
and Security Breach Reports. Details on the NRC organization and specific responsibilities
can be found in the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan. The
Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement (MISLE) database system is managed and used
by the Coast Guard for tracking pollution and safety incidents in the nation’s ports.===National Maritime Center===
The National Maritime Center (NMC) is the merchant mariner credentialing authority for
the USCG under the auspices of the Department of Homeland Security. To ensure a safe, secure,
and environmentally sound marine transportation system, the mission of the NMC is to issue
credentials to fully qualified mariners in the United States maritime jurisdiction.===Authority as an armed service===The five uniformed services that make up the
U.S. Armed Forces are defined in Title 10 of the U.S. Code: The term “armed forces” means the Army, Navy,
Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. The Coast Guard is further defined by Title
14 of the United States Code: The Coast Guard as established January 28,
1915, shall be a military service and a branch of the armed forces of the United States at
all times. The Coast Guard shall be a service in the Department of Homeland Security, except
when operating as a service in the Navy. Coast Guard organization and operation is
as set forth in Title 33 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
On 25 November 2002, the Homeland Security Act was signed into law by U.S. President
George W. Bush, designating the Coast Guard to be placed under the U.S. Department of
Homeland Security. The transfer of administrative control from the U.S. Department of Transportation
to the U.S. Department of Homeland Security was completed the following year, on 1 March
2003.The U.S. Coast Guard reports directly to the Secretary of Homeland Security. However,
under 14 U.S.C. § 3 as amended by section 211 of the Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation
Act of 2006, upon the declaration of war and when Congress so directs in the declaration,
or when the President directs, the Coast Guard operates under the Department of Defense as
a service in the Department of the Navy. As members of the military, Coast Guardsmen
on active and reserve service are subject to the Uniform Code of Military Justice and
receive the same pay and allowances as members of the same pay grades in the other uniformed
services. The service has participated in every major
U.S. conflict from 1790 through today, including landing troops on D-Day and on the Pacific
Islands in World War II, in extensive patrols and shore bombardment during the Vietnam War,
and multiple roles in Operation Iraqi Freedom. Maritime interception operations, coastal
security, transportation security, and law enforcement detachments have been its major
roles in recent conflicts in Iraq. On 17 October 2007, the Coast Guard joined
with the U.S. Navy and U.S. Marine Corps to adopt a new maritime strategy called A Cooperative
Strategy for 21st Century Seapower that raised the notion of prevention of war to the same
philosophical level as the conduct of war. This new strategy charted a course for the
Navy, Coast Guard and Marine Corps to work collectively with each other and international
partners to prevent regional crises, man-made or natural, from occurring, or reacting quickly
should one occur to avoid negative impacts to the United States. During the launch of
the new U.S. maritime strategy at the International Seapower Symposium at the U.S. Naval War College
in 2007, Coast Guard Commandant Admiral Thad Allen said the new maritime strategy reinforced
the time-honored missions the service has carried out in the United States since 1790.
“It reinforces the Coast Guard maritime strategy of safety, security and stewardship, and it
reflects not only the global reach of our maritime services but the need to integrate
and synchronize and act with our coalition and international partners to not only win
wars … but to prevent wars,” Allen said.===Authority as a law enforcement agency
===Title 14 USC, section 2 authorizes the Coast
Guard to enforce U.S. federal laws. This authority is further defined in 14 U.S.C. § 89, which
gives law enforcement powers to all Coast Guard commissioned officers, warrant officers,
and petty officers. Unlike the other branches of the United States Armed Forces, which are
prevented from acting in a law enforcement capacity by 18 U.S.C. § 1385, the Posse Comitatus
Act, and Department of Defense policy, the Coast Guard is exempt from and not subject
to the restrictions of the Posse Comitatus Act.Further law enforcement authority is given
by 14 U.S.C. § 143 and 9 U.S.C. § 1401, which empower U.S. Coast Guard active and
reserve commissioned officers, warrant officers, and petty officers as federal customs officers.
This places them under 19 U.S.C. § 1589a, which grants customs officers general federal
law enforcement authority, including the authority to: The U.S. Government Accountability Office
Report to the House of Representatives, Committee on the Judiciary on its 2006 Survey of Federal
Civilian Law Enforcement Functions and Authorities, identified the Coast Guard as one of 104 federal
components that employed law enforcement officers. The report also included a summary table of
the authorities of the Coast Guard’s 192 special agents and 3,780 maritime law enforcement
boarding officers.Coast Guardsmen have the legal authority to carry their service-issued
firearms on and off base. This is rarely done in practice, however; at many Coast Guard
stations, commanders prefer to have all service-issued weapons in armories when not in use. Still,
one court has held that Coast Guard boarding officers are qualified law enforcement officers
authorized to carry personal firearms off-duty for self-defense.==A typical day==The Coast Guard occasionally publishes a list
of statistics that summarizes their activities. Based on 2013 statistics, on an average day
the United States Coast Guard will: Conduct 109 search and rescue cases
Save 10 lives Assist 192 people in distress
Protect US$2.8 million in property Seize 169 pounds (77 kg) of marijuana and
306 pounds (139 kg) of cocaine with a street value of US$9.5 million
Process 238 mariner licenses and documents Investigate 6 vessel casualties involving
collisions or groundings Have underway small boats for 396 sorties/missions
Fly 164 aircraft missions logging 324 hours Board 144 vessels of law enforcement interest
Interdict and rescue 14 illegal immigrants at sea
Open 8 new cases for marine violation of federal statutes
Board 100 large vessels for port safety checks Conduct 20 commercial fishing vessel safety
exams Respond to 20 oil or hazardous chemical spills
totaling 2,800 US gal (11,000 l) Service 135 aids to navigation
Monitor the transit of 2,509 commercial ships through U.S. ports
Conduct 377 vessel safety checks Teach boating safety courses to 550 boaters==
History==The Coast Guard traced its roots to the small
fleet of vessels maintained by the United States Department of the Treasury beginning
in the 1790s to enforce tariffs (an important source of revenue for the new nation), which
eventually evolved into the United States Revenue Cutter Service. Secretary of the Treasury
Alexander Hamilton lobbied Congress to fund the construction of ten cutters, which it
did on 4 August 1790 (now celebrated as the Coast Guard’s official birthday). Until the
re-establishment of the Navy in 1798, these “revenue cutters” were the only naval force
of the early United States. As such, the cutters and their crews frequently took on additional
duties, including combating piracy, rescuing mariners in distress, ferrying government
officials, and even carrying mail.The modern Coast Guard was created in 1915, when the
Revenue Cutter Service merged with the U.S. Life-Saving Service. In 1939, the Lighthouse
Service was brought under the Coast Guard’s purview. In 1942, the Bureau of Marine Inspection
and Navigation was transferred to the Coast Guard.
In 1967, the Coast Guard moved from the U.S. Department of the Treasury to the newly formed
U.S. Department of Transportation, an arrangement that lasted until it was placed under the
U.S. Department of Homeland Security in 2003 as part of legislation designed to more efficiently
protect American interests following the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001. In times of war, the Coast Guard or individual
components of it can operate as a service of the Department of the Navy. This arrangement
has a broad historical basis, as the Coast Guard has been involved in wars as diverse
as the War of 1812, the Mexican–American War, and the American Civil War, in which
the cutter Harriet Lane fired the first naval shots attempting to relieve besieged Fort
Sumter. The last time the Coast Guard operated as a whole within the Navy was in World War
II. Coast Guard Squadron One, was a combat unit
formed by the United States Coast Guard in 1965 for service during the Vietnam War. Placed
under the operational control of the United States Navy, it was assigned duties in Operation
Market Time. Its formation marked the first time since World War II that Coast Guard personnel
were used extensively in a combat environment. The squadron operated divisions in three separate
areas during the period of 1965 to 1970. Twenty-six Point-class cutters with their crews and a
squadron support staff were assigned to the U.S. Navy with the mission of interdicting
the movement of arms and supplies from the South China Sea into South Vietnam by Viet
Cong and North Vietnam junk and trawler operators. The squadron also provided 81mm mortar naval
gunfire support to nearby friendly units operating along the South Vietnamese coastline and assisted
the U.S. Navy during Operation Sealords. Coast Guard Squadron Three, was a combat unit
formed by the United States Coast Guard in 1967 for service during the Vietnam War. Placed
under the operational control of the United States Navy and based in Pearl Harbor. It
consisted of five USCG High Endurance Cutters operating on revolving six month deployments.
A total of 35 High Endurance Cutters took part in operations from May 1967 to December
1971, most notably using their 5″ guns to provide naval gunfire support missions.
Often units within the Coast Guard operate under Department of the Navy operational control
while other Coast Guard units remain under the Department of Homeland Security.==Organization==The new Department of Homeland Security headquarters
complex is on the grounds of the former St. Elizabeths Hospital in the Anacostia section
of Southeast Washington, across the Anacostia River from former Coast Guard headquarters.The
fiscal year 2016 budget request for the US Coast Guard was $9.96 billion.===Districts and units===
The Coast Guard’s current district organization is divided into 9 districts. Their designations,
district office and area of responsibility are as follows:===Shore establishments===Shore establishment commands exist to support
and facilitate the mission of the sea and air assets and Coastal Defense. U.S. Coast
Guard Headquarters is located in Southeast Washington, DC. Other shore establishments
are Coast Guard Sectors (which may include Coast Guard Bases), Coast Guard Stations,
Coast Guard Air Stations, and the United States Coast Guard Yard. Training centers include
the United States Coast Guard Academy, Training Center Petaluma, Training Center Cape May,
Coast Guard Aviation Technical Training Center, Coast Guard Aviation Training Center Mobile,
and Training Center Yorktown.==Personnel==
The Coast Guard has 40,992 men and women on active duty. The formal name for a uniformed
member of the Coast Guard is “Coast Guardsman”, irrespective of gender. “Coastie” is an informal
term commonly used to refer to current or former Coast Guard personnel. In 2008, the
term “Guardian” was introduced as an alternative but was later dropped. Admiral Robert J. Papp,
Jr. stated that it was his belief that no Commandant had the authority to change what
members of the Coast Guard are called as the term Coast Guardsman is found in Title 14
USC which established the Coast Guard in 1915. “Team Coast Guard” refers to the four components
of the Coast Guard as a whole: Regular, Reserve, Auxiliary, and Coast Guard civilian employees.===Commissioned officers===
Commissioned officers in the Coast Guard hold pay grades ranging from O-1 to O-10 and have
the same rank structure as the Navy. Officers holding the rank of ensign (O-1) through lieutenant
commander (O-4) are considered junior officers, commanders (O-5) and captains (O-6) are considered
senior officers, and rear admirals (O-7) through admirals (O-10) are considered flag officers.
The Commandant of the Coast Guard and the Vice Commandant of the Coast Guard are the
only members of the Coast Guard authorized to hold the rank of admiral.The Coast Guard
does not have medical officers or chaplains of its own. Instead, chaplains from the U.S.
Navy, as well as officers from the U.S. Public Health Service Commissioned Corps are assigned
to the Coast Guard to perform chaplain-related functions and medical-related functions, respectively.
These officers wear Coast Guard uniforms but replace the Coast Guard insignia with that
of their own service.The Navy and Coast Guard share identical officer rank insignia except
that Coast Guard officers wear a gold Coast Guard Shield in lieu of a line star or staff
corps officer insignia.===Warrant officers===Highly qualified enlisted personnel in pay
grades E-6 through E-9 with a minimum of eight years experience can compete each year for
appointment as warrant officers (WO). Successful candidates are chosen by a board and then
commissioned as chief warrant officers (CWO2) in one of twenty-one specialties. Over time,
chief warrant officers may be promoted to CWO3 and CWO4. The ranks of Warrant Officer
(WO1) and Chief Warrant Officer Five (CWO5) are not currently used in the Coast Guard.
Chief warrant officers may also compete for the Chief Warrant Officer to Lieutenant Program.
If selected, the warrant officer will be promoted to lieutenant (O-3E). The “E” designates over
four years active duty service as a warrant officer or enlisted member and entitles the
member to a higher rate of pay than other lieutenants.===Enlisted personnel===
Enlisted members of the Coast Guard have pay grades from E-1 to E-9 and also follow the
same rank structure as the Navy. Enlisted members in pay grades of E-4 and higher are
considered petty officers and follow career development paths very similar to those of
Navy petty officers. Petty officers in pay grade E-7 and higher
are chief petty officers and must attend the Coast Guard Chief Petty Officer Academy, or
an equivalent Department of Defense school, in order to be advanced to pay grade E-8.
The basic themes of the school are: Professionalism
Leadership Communications
Systems thinking and lifelong learningEnlisted rank insignia is also nearly identical to
Navy enlisted insignia. The Coast Guard shield replacing the petty officer’s eagle on collar
and cap devices for petty officers or enlisted rating insignia for seamen qualified as a
“designated striker”. Group Rate marks (stripes) for junior enlisted members (E-3 and below)
also follow Navy convention with white for seaman, red for fireman, and green for the
airman. In a departure from the Navy conventions, all petty officers E-6 and below wear red
chevrons and all chief petty officers wear gold===Training=======Officer training====
The U.S. Coast Guard Academy is a four-year service academy located in New London, Connecticut.
Approximately 200 cadets graduate each year, receiving a Bachelor of Science degree and
a commission as an ensign in the Coast Guard. Graduates are obligated to serve a minimum
of five years on active duty. Most graduates are assigned to duty aboard Coast Guard cutters
immediately after graduation, either as Deck Watch Officers (DWOs) or as Engineer Officers
in Training (EOITs). Smaller numbers are assigned directly to flight training at Naval Air Station
Pensacola, Florida or to shore duty at Coast Guard Sector, District, or Area headquarters
units. In addition to the Academy, prospective officers,
who already hold a college degree, may enter the Coast Guard through Officer Candidate
School (OCS), also located at the Coast Guard Academy. OCS is a 17-week course of instruction
that prepares candidates to serve effectively as officers in the Coast Guard. In addition
to indoctrinating students into a military lifestyle, OCS provides a wide range of highly
technical information necessary to perform the duties of a Coast Guard officer.
Graduates of OCS are usually commissioned as ensigns, but some with advanced graduate
degrees may enter as lieutenants (junior grade) or lieutenants. Graduating OCS officers entering
active duty are required to serve a minimum of three years, while graduating reserve officers
are required to serve four years. Graduates may be assigned to a cutter, flight training,
a staff job, or an operations ashore billet. OCS is the primary channel through which the
Coast Guard enlisted grades ascend to the commissioned officer corps.
Lawyers, engineers, intelligence officers, military aviators holding commissions in other
branches of the U.S. Armed Forces requesting interservice transfers to the Coast Guard,
graduates of maritime academies, and certain other individuals may also receive an officer’s
commission in the Coast Guard through the Direct Commission Officer (DCO) program. Depending
on the specific program and the background of the individual, the course is three, four
or five weeks long. The first week of the five-week course is an indoctrination week.
The DCO program is designed to commission officers with highly specialized professional
training or certain kinds of previous military experience.
Unlike the other military services, the Coast Guard does not have a Reserve Officers’ Training
Corps (ROTC) program.====Recruit training====
Newly enlisted personnel are sent to eight weeks of recruit training at Coast Guard Training
Center Cape May in Cape May, New Jersey. New recruits arrive at Sexton Hall and remain
there for three days of initial processing which includes haircuts, vaccinations, uniform
issue, and other necessary entrance procedures. During this initial processing period, the
new recruits are led by temporary company commanders. These temporary company commanders
are tasked with teaching the new recruits how to march and preparing them to enter into
their designated company. The temporary company commanders typically do not enforce any physical
activity such as push ups or crunches. When the initial processing is complete, the new
seaman recruits are introduced to their permanent company commanders who will remain with them
until the end of training. There is typically a designated lead company commander and two
support company commanders. The balance of the eight-week boot camp is spent in learning
teamwork and developing physical skills. An introduction of how the Coast Guard operates
with special emphasis on the Coast Guard’s core values is an important part of the training.
The current nine Recruit Training Objectives are: Self-discipline
Military skills Marksmanship
Vocational skills and academics Military bearing
Physical fitness and wellness Water survival and swim qualifications
Esprit de corps Core values (Honor, Respect, and Devotion
to Duty)====Service schools====
Following graduation from recruit training, most members are sent to their first unit
while they await orders to attend advanced training in Class “A” Schools. At “A” schools,
Coast Guard enlisted personnel are trained in their chosen rating; rating is a Coast
Guard and Navy term for enlisted skills synonymous with the Army’s and Marine Corps’ military
occupation codes (MOS) and Air Force’s Air Force Specialty Code (AFSC). Members who earned
high ASVAB scores or who were otherwise guaranteed an “A” School of choice while enlisting may
go directly to their “A” School upon graduation from Boot Camp.===Civilian personnel===
The Coast Guard employs over 8,577 civilians in over two hundred different job types including
Coast Guard Investigative Service special agents, lawyers, engineers, technicians, administrative
personnel, tradesmen, and federal firefighters. Civilian employees work at various levels
in the Coast Guard to support its various missions.==Equipment=====Cutters===The Coast Guard operates 243 Cutters, defined
as any vessel more than 65 feet (20 m) long, that has a permanently assigned crew and accommodations
for the extended support of that crew. Polar-class icebreaker (WAGB): There are three
WAGB’s used for icebreaking and research though only two, the heavy 399-foot (122 m) Polar
Star and the newer medium class 420-foot (130 m) Healy, are active. Polar Sea is located
in Seattle, Washington but is not currently in active service. The icebreakers are being
replaced with new heavy icebreakers under the Polar icebreaker program.
National Security Cutter (WMSL): These are a new class of 418-foot (127 m) military defense,
maritime ship, also known as the Legend-class cutter. At 418 ft. these are the largest USCG
military cutters in active service. One-for-one Legend-class ships are replacing individually
decommissioned 1960s Hamilton-class high endurance cutters. A total of eight were authorized
and budgeted; as of 2015 three are in service, and three are under construction. In 2016
a ninth National Security Cutter was authorized by Congress.
High Endurance Cutter (WHEC): These are 12 378-foot (115 m) Hamilton-class cutters commissioned
in the late 1960s. Missions include law enforcement, search and rescue, and military defense. These
aged cutters are individually being decommissioned and replaced by the new 418 ft. National Security
Cutters. Medium Endurance Cutter (WMEC): These are
mostly the 210-foot (64 m) Reliance class, and the 270-foot (82 m) Famous class cutters,
although the 283-foot (86 m) Alex Haley also falls into this category. Primary missions
are law enforcement, search and rescue, and military defense.
USCGC Mackinaw: A 240-foot (73 m) heavy icebreaker built for operations on the Great Lakes.
USCGC Eagle: A 295-foot (90 m) sailing barque used as a training ship for Coast Guard Academy
cadets and Coast Guard officer candidates. She was originally built in Germany as Horst
Wessel, and was seized by the United States as a prize of war in 1945.
Seagoing Buoy Tender (WLB): These 225-foot (69 m) ships are used to maintain aids to
navigation and also assist with law enforcement and search and rescue.
Coastal Buoy Tender (WLM): The 175-foot (53 m) Keeper-class coastal buoy tenders are used
to maintain coastal aids to navigation. Sentinel class cutter (WPC): The 154-foot
(47 m) Sentinel class was previously known as the “Fast Response Cutter” class and is
used for search and rescue work and law enforcement. Bay-class icebreaking tug (WTGB): 140-foot
(43 m) icebreakers used primarily for domestic icebreaking missions. Other missions include
search and rescue, law enforcement, and aids to navigation maintenance.
Patrol Boats (WPB): There are two classes of WPBs currently in service; the 110-foot
(34 m) Island-class patrol boats and the 87-foot (27 m) Marine Protector-class patrol boats===Boats===The Coast Guard operates about 1,650 boats,
defined as any vessel less than 65 feet (20 m) long, which generally operate near shore
and on inland waterways. The Coast Guard boat fleet includes: Motor Lifeboat (MLB): The Coast Guard’s 47-foot
(14 m) primary heavy-weather boat used for search and rescue as well as law enforcement
and homeland security. Response Boat – Medium (RB-M): A new multi-mission
45-foot (14 m) vessel intended to replace the 41-foot (12 m) utility boat. 170 planned
Special Purpose Craft – Near Shore Lifeboat: Only 2 built. Shallow draft, 42-foot (13 m)
lifeboat substituted for the 47-foot (14 m) Motor Life Boat, based at Chatham, Massachusetts
Deployable Pursuit Boat (DPB): A 38-foot (12 m) launch capable of pursuing fast cocaine
smuggling craft. Long Range Interceptor (LRI): A 36-foot (11
m) high-speed launch that can be launched from the stern ramps of the larger Deepwater
cutters. Aids to Navigation Boats (TANB/BUSL/ANB/ANB):
Various designs ranging from 26 to 55 feet (7.9 to 16.8 m) used to maintain aids to navigation.
Special Purpose Craft – Law Enforcement (SPC-LE): Intended to operate in support of
specialized law enforcement missions, utilizing three 300 horsepower (220 kW) Mercury Marine
engines. The SPC-LE is 33 feet (10 m) long and capable of speeds in excess of 50 knots
(93 km/h; 58 mph) and operations more than 30 miles (48 km) from shore.
Response Boat – Small (RB-S): A 25-foot (7.6 m) high-speed boat, for a variety of
missions, including search and rescue, port security and law enforcement duties.
Transportable Port Security Boat (TPSB): A 25-foot (7.6 m) well-armed boat used by Port
Security Units for force protection. SPC-SW Special Purpose Craft, Shallow-water:
24 feet (7.3 m) Over-the-Horizon (OTH) boat: A 23-foot (7.0
m) rigid hull inflatable boat used by medium and high endurance cutters and specialized
units. Short Range Prosecutor (SRP): A 23-foot (7.0
m) rigid hull inflatable boat that can be launched from a stern launching ramp on the
National Security Cutters.===Aircraft===The Coast Guard operates approximately 201
fixed and rotary wing aircraft from 24 Coast Guard Air Stations throughout the contiguous
United States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. Most of these air stations are tenant
activities at civilian airports, several of which are former Air Force Bases and Naval
Air Stations, although several are also independent military facilities. Coast Guard Air Stations
are also located on active Naval Air Stations, Air National Guard bases, and Army Air Fields.
Coast Guard aviators receive Primary (fixed-wing) and Advanced (fixed or rotary-wing) flight
training with their Navy and Marine Corps counterparts at NAS Whiting Field, Florida,
and NAS Corpus Christi, Texas, and are considered Naval Aviators. After receiving Naval Aviator
Wings, Coast Guard pilots, with the exception of those slated to fly the HC-130, report
to U.S. Coast Guard Aviation Training Center, Mobile, Alabama to receive 6–12 weeks of
specialized training in the Coast Guard fleet aircraft they will operate. HC-130 pilots
report to Little Rock AFB, Arkansas, for joint C-130 training under the auspices of the 314th
Airlift Wing of the U.S. Air Force. Fixed-wing aircraft operate from Air Stations
on long-duration missions. Helicopters operate from Air Stations and can deploy on a number
of different cutters. Helicopters can rescue people or intercept vessels smuggling migrants
or narcotics. Since the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, the Coast Guard has
developed a more prominent role in national security and now has armed helicopters operating
in high-risk areas for the purpose of maritime law enforcement and anti-terrorism.
The Coast Guard is now developing an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) program that will utilize
the MQ-9 Reaper platform for homeland security and search/rescue operations. To support this
endeavor, the Coast Guard has partnered with the Navy and U.S. Customs and Border Protection
to study existing/emerging unmanned aerial system (UAS) capabilities within their respective
organizations. As these systems mature, research and operational experience gleaned from this
joint effort will enable the Coast Guard to develop its own cutter and land-based UAS
capabilities.====Fixed-wing aircraft====
Lockheed HC-130H Hercules Lockheed HC-130J Super Hercules
Alenia C-27J Spartan CASA HC-144A Ocean Sentry====Rotary-wing aircraft====
Sikorsky HH / MH-60 J/T Jayhawk Aérospatiale MH-65 C/D/E Dolphin====Fixed-wing VIP transport aircraft assigned
to CGAS Washington D.C====VC-37A Long Range Command and Control Aircraft
(2 airframes as of December 2011: CG-01, S/N 653 and CG-02, S/N 638)===Weapons=======Naval guns====
Most Coast Guard Cutters have one or more Naval gun systems installed. Including: The Oto Melara 76 mm a radar-guided computer
controlled gun system that is used on both Medium and High Endurance Cutters. The 3 inch
gun’s high rate of fire and availability of specialized ammunition make it multi-purpose
gun capable of anti-shipping, anti-aircraft, ground support and short-range anti-missile
defense.The MK 110 57mm gun a radar-guided computer controlled variant of the Bofors
57 mm gun. It is used on the Legend-class cutter, also known as the National Security
Cutter (NSC). It’s a multi-purpose gun capable of anti-shipping, anti-aircraft, and short-range
anti-missile defense. The stealth mount has a reduced radar profile. Also, the gun has
a small radar mounted on the gun barrel to measure muzzle velocity for fire control purposes
and can change ammunition types instantly due to a dual-feed system. It can also be
operated/fired manually using a joystick and video camera (mounted on gun).The Mk 38 Mod
0 weapons system consists of an M242 Bushmaster 25mm chain gun and the Mk 88 Mod 0 machine
gun mount. A manned system, it’s gyro-stabilization compensates for the pitching deck. It provides
ships with defensive and offensive gunfire capability for the engagement of a variety
of surface targets. Designed primarily as a close-range defensive measure, it provides
protection against patrol boats, floating mines, and various shore-based targets.The
Mk 38 Mod 2 weapons system is a remotely operated Mk 38 with an Electronic Optical Sight, Laser
Range-Finder, FLIR, a more reliable feeding system, all of which enhance the weapon systems
capabilities and accuracy.The Phalanx CIWS (pronounced “sea-whiz”) is a close-in weapon
system for defense against aircraft and anti-ship missiles. it can also be used against a variety
of surface targets. Consisting of a radar-guided 20 mm 6-barreled M61 Vulcan cannon mounted
on a swiveling base. It’s used on the Coast Guards High Endurance Cutters. This system
can operate autonomously against airborne threats or may be manually operated with the
use of Electronic Optical Sight, Laser Range-Finder and FLIR systems against surface targets.The
Sea PROTECTOR MK50 is a remotely controlled gyro-stabilized M2 .50 caliber heavy machine
gun. The sight package includes a daylight video camera, a thermal camera and an eye-safe
laser rangefinder operated by a joystick. It is also furnished with a fully integrated
fire control system that provides ballistic correction. The Mk50s are used on only four
Marine Protector-class Cutters, the USCGC Sea Fox, USCGC Sea Devil, USCGC Sea Dragon
and USCGC Sea Dog.====Small arms and light weapons====
The U.S. Coast Guard uses a wide variety of small arms and light weapons. Handguns, shotguns,
and rifles are used to arm boat crew and boarding team members and machine guns are mounted
aboard cutters, boats, and helicopters. Small arms and light weapons arms include: SIG Sauer P229R DAK .40 S&W pistol
Remington M870P 12 gauge shotgun M16A2 rifle
M4 carbine Mk 18 carbine
M14 Tactical rifle Mk 11 Mod 2 precision rifle
FN M240 machine gun M2 .50 caliber heavy machine gun
Mk 19 40mm grenade launcher Barrett M107 .50-caliber rifle is used by
marksmen from the Helicopter Interdiction Tactical Squadron and Law Enforcement Detachments
to disable the engines on fleeing boats.==Symbols=====Core values===
The Coast Guard, like the other armed services of the United States, has a set of core values
that serve as basic ethical guidelines for all Coast Guard active duty, reservists, auxiliarists,
and civilians. The Coast Guard Core Values are:===The Guardian Ethos===
In 2008, the Coast Guard introduced the Guardian Ethos. As the Commandant, Admiral Allen noted
in a message to all members of the Coast Guard: [The Ethos] “defines the essence of the Coast
Guard,” and is the “contract the Coast Guard and its members make with the nation and its
citizens.”===The Coast Guard Ethos===
In an ALCOAST message effective 1 December 2011 the Commandant, Admiral Papp, directed
that the language of Guardian Ethos be superseded by the Coast Guard Ethos in an effort to use
terminology that would help with the identity of personnel serving in the Coast Guard. The
term Coast Guardsman is the correct form of address used in Title 14 USC and is the form
that has been used historically. This changed the line in the Guardian Ethos “I am a Guardian.”
to become “I am a Coast Guardsman.”The Ethos is:===Creed of the United States Coast Guardsman
===The “Creed of the United States Coast Guardsman”
was written by Vice Admiral Harry G. Hamlet, who served as Commandant of the Coast Guard
from 1932 to 1936.===”You have to go out, but you don’t have
to come back!”===This unofficial motto of the Coast Guard dates
to an 1899 United States Lifesaving Service regulation, which states in part: “In attempting
a rescue, … he will not desist from his efforts until by actual trial, the impossibility
of effecting a rescue is demonstrated. The statement of the keeper that he did not try
to use the boat because the sea or surf was too heavy will not be accepted, unless attempts
to launch it were actually made and failed.”===
Coast Guard Ensign===The Coast Guard Ensign (flag) was first flown
by the Revenue Cutter Service in 1799 to distinguish revenue cutters from merchant ships. A 1 August
1799 order issued by Secretary of the Treasury, Oliver Wolcott, Jr. specified that the Ensign
would be “sixteen perpendicular stripes (for the number of states in the United States
at the time), alternate red and white, the union of the ensign to be the arms of the
United States in a dark blue on a white field.”This ensign became familiar in American waters
and served as the sign of authority for the Revenue Cutter Service until the early 20th
century. The ensign was originally intended to be flown only on revenue cutters and boats
connected with the Customs Service but over the years it was found flying atop custom
houses as well, and the practice became a requirement in 1874. On 7 June 1910, President
William Howard Taft issued an Executive Order adding an emblem to (or “defacing”) the ensign
flown by the Revenue cutters to distinguish it from what is now called the Customs Ensign
flown from the custom houses. The emblem was changed to the official seal of the Coast
Guard in 1927.The purpose of the ensign is to allow ship captains to easily recognize
those vessels having legal authority to stop and board them. It is flown only as a symbol
of law enforcement authority and is never carried as a parade standard.===Coast Guard Standard===The Coast Guard Standard is used in parades
and carries the battle honors of the Coast Guard. It was derived from the jack of the
Coast Guard ensign which was flown by revenue cutters. The emblem is a blue eagle from the
coat of arms of the United States on a white field. Above the eagle are the words “UNITED
STATES COAST GUARD” below the eagle is the motto, “SEMPER PARATUS” and the inscription
“1790.”===Service Mark (“Racing Stripe”)===The racing stripe is borne by Coast Guard
cutters, aircraft, and many boats. First used and placed into official usage as of April
6, 1967, it consists of a narrow blue stripe, a narrow white stripe between, and a broad
CG red bar with the Coast Guard shield centered. Red-hulled icebreaker cutters and most HH-65/MH-65
helicopters (i.e., those with a red fuselage) bear a narrow blue stripe, a narrow empty
stripe the color of the fuselage (an implied red stripe), and broad white bar, with the
Coast Guard shield centered. Conversely, black-hulled cutters (such as buoy tenders and inland construction
tenders) use the standard racing stripe. Auxiliary vessels maintained by the Coast Guard also
carry the Racing Stripe, but in inverted colors (i.e., broad blue stripe with narrow white
and CG red stripes) and the Auxiliary shield. The Racing Stripe, officially known as the
Service Mark, was designed in 1964 by the industrial design office of Raymond Loewy
Associates to give the Coast Guard a distinctive, modern image. Loewy had designed the colors
for the Air Force One fleet for Jackie Kennedy. President Kennedy was so impressed with his
work, he suggested that the entire Federal Government needed his make-over and suggested
that he start with the Coast Guard. The stripes are canted at a 64 degree angle, coincidentally
the year the Racing Stripe was designed.Similar Racing Stripe designs have been adopted for
the use of other coast guards and maritime authorities and many other law enforcement
and rescue agencies.==Uniforms==Prior to 1974, Coast Guard personnel wore
essentially the same uniforms as the Navy (although some unique uniform items did exist)
with distinctive Coast Guard insignia. These were minor, primarily consisting of distinctive
cap devices for officers and chief petty officers, incorporation of the Coast Guard shield in
lieu of line or staff corps insignia for officers, and different buttons on dress uniforms.
In 1974, the current Coast Guard Service Dress Blue “Bravo” uniform was introduced for wear
by both officers and enlisted personnel; the transition was completed during 1974. The
uniform consists of a blue four-pocket single breasted jacket and trousers, a light-blue
button-up shirt with a pointed collar, two front button-flap pockets, and shoulder loops,
along with a tie of the same shade as the jacket are worn with the uniform. Either the
garrison cap or combination cap may be worn. Officer and enlisted rank insignia are sewn
onto the jacket sleeve in the same manner as Navy uniforms. The Service Dress Blue “Bravo” uniform may
be worn year-round for business within the Coast Guard and for social occasions where
the civilian equivalent is coat and tie.The slightly more formal Service Dress Blue “Alpha”
variant substitutes a white shirt for the blue, and mandates the combination cap. Enlisted
personnel do not wear collar devices with the white shirt.
Full Dress Blue is essentially the same as Service Dress Blue “Alpha,” except that it
is worn with a full-size medals instead of ribbons. Additionally, a sword may be prescribed
for officers, and white gloves may be required. A white belt may be worn for honor guards.
The Tropical Blue uniform, worn in warm weather, omits the jacket and tie, and features a short-sleeved,
light blue shirt (identical to that worn by the U.S. Air Force) with rank insignia on
shoulder boards for officers, and pin-on collar insignia for petty officers. The Tropical
Blue uniform may be worn year-round for general office wear and for visits between commands.
It may be worn in lieu of the SDB uniform, but not to functions where civilian dress
is coat and tie.Despite the transition to distinctive “Bender’s blues” uniforms in the
1970s, some Navy-style dress uniforms were retained. The Service Dress White and Full
Dress White “choker” uniforms for officers are identical to those worn by U.S. Navy officers
(aside from service-specific buttons, insignia and sword design). These are typically used
for formal parade and change-of-command ceremonies. For similar occasions the enlisted members
wear Tropical Blue, Service Dress Blue or Full Dress Blue. The dinner dress uniforms
worn for formal (black tie) evening ceremonies are also identical to those of the Navy, aside
from Coast Guard-specific insignia. As in the Navy, these uniforms are required for
officers, but optional for enlisted members. Due to the expense of these uniforms and the
fact that they are rarely called-for, few junior enlisted members purchase them. The current working uniform of the Coast Guard
is the Operational Dress Uniform (ODU). The ODU may be worn year-round primarily as a
field utility and watchstanding uniform, but may also be worn in an office environment
where appropriate. The ODU is similar to the old-style Battle Dress Uniform previously
worn by all branches of the U.S. Armed Forces, both in function and style. However, the ODU
is in a solid dark blue with no camouflage pattern and does not have lower pockets on
the blouse. The first generation ODU, in service from 2004 to 2012, was worn with the blouse
tucked into the trousers. The second generation ODU is worn with the blouse untucked and has
black Coast Guard insignia embroidered on the right breast pocket as well as the side
pockets of the trousers. The ODU is worn with composite-toed boots in most circumstances,
but low-cut brown boat shoes may be prescribed for certain vessel boarding operations. A
standard baseball-style ball cap is worn, embroidered in gold block lettering with “U.S.
Coast Guard.” Units may also additionally authorize ball caps with the unit name embroidered
for wear while on the unit. A foul weather parka is the outerwear worn with the ODU.
The ODU’s success and practicality as a working uniform has led the U.S. Public Health Service
and the NOAA Corps to adopt ODU variants as standard working uniforms. Some Navy personnel
also advocated adoption of the ODU as a standard shipboard uniform for the Navy, rather than
the unpopular Navy Working Uniform Type I. Coast Guard personnel serving in expeditionary
combat units such as Port Security Units or Law Enforcement Detachments, and Coast Guard
personnel deployed overseas (e.g. PATFORSWA) wear the Navy Working Uniform Type III with
distinctive Coast Guard insignia, and generally follow Navy Uniform Regulations. All Coast Guardsmen wear the combination cap
with all uniforms except the ODU and CUU. Company commanders (the Coast Guard’s equivalent
of drill sergeants) at Training Center Cape May wear the traditional Smokey Bear-style
campaign hat. The Coast Guard Pipe Band, a special musical
unit composed of active, reserve and auxiliary members, wears a modified form of highland
dress, including kilt and sporran. It is, along with the Band of the Air Force Reserve
Pipe Band, one of only two kilted units in the United States military, excluding those
maintained by state defense forces and service academies. The band’s kilt is patterned in
the official U.S. Coast Guard tartan, which is registered with the Scottish Register of
Tartans and based on the Hamilton tartan (in honor of the founder of the Revenue-Marine,
Alexander Hamilton).Cadets at the U.S. Coast Guard Academy wear standard Coast Guard uniforms,
but also wear two different styles of parade dress uniforms, similar to those worn by Midshipmen
at the U.S. Naval Academy. Full Dress Blue (B) consists of black blouses with banded
collars and double rows of buttons, worn with matching black trousers and a white peaked
hat. Full Dress Blue (A) substitutes white trousers in lieu of black.==Coast Guard Reserve==The United States Coast Guard Reserve is the
reserve military force of the Coast Guard. The Coast Guard Reserve was founded on 19
February 1941. The Coast Guard has 8700 reservists who normally drill two days a month and an
additional 12 days of active duty each year, although many perform additional drill and
active duty periods, to include those mobilized to extended active duty. Coast Guard reservists
possess the same training and qualifications as their active duty counterparts, and as
such, can be found augmenting active duty Coast Guard units every day.
During the Vietnam War and shortly thereafter, the Coast Guard considered abandoning the
reserve program, but the force was instead reoriented into force augmentation, where
its principal focus was not just reserve operations, but to add to the readiness and mission execution
of every-day active duty personnel. Since 11 September 2001, reservists have been
activated and served on tours of active duty, to include deployments to the Persian Gulf
and also as parts of Department of Defense combatant commands such as the U.S. Northern
and Central Commands. Coast Guard Port Security Units are entirely staffed with reservists,
except for five to seven active duty personnel. Additionally, most of the staffing the Coast
Guard provides to the Navy Expeditionary Combat Command are reservists.
The Reserve is managed by the Director of Reserve and Military Personnel Directorate,
Rear Admiral Kurt B. Hinrichs, USCGR.===Women in the Coast Guard===In 1918, twin sisters Genevieve and Lucille
Baker of the Naval Coastal Defense Reserve became the first uniformed women to serve
in the Coast Guard. Later, United States Coast Guard Women’s Reserve (SPARS) was created
on 23 November 1942 with the signing of Public Law 773 by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
The name is a contraction of the Coast Guard motto Semper Paratus, meaning “Always Ready”
in Latin. The name also refers to a spar in nautical usage. Like the other women’s reserves
such as the Women’s Army Corps and the WAVES, it was created to free men from stateside
service in order to fight overseas. Its first director was Captain Dorothy C. Stratton who
is credited with creating the name for the organization. The cutter USCGC Spar is named
for the SPARS.==Coast Guard Auxiliary==The United States Coast Guard Auxiliary is
the uniformed volunteer component of the Coast Guard, established on 23 June 1939 by an act
of Congress as the United States Coast Guard Reserve, it was re-designated as the Auxiliary
on 19 February 1941. It works within the Coast Guard in carrying out its noncombatant and
non-law enforcement missions. Auxiliarists are subject to direction from the Commandant
of the Coast Guard making them unique among all federal volunteers (e.g. Air Force’s Civil
Air Patrol and FBI’s InfraGard); they are not a separate organization, but an integral
part of the Coast Guard. As of 2018, there were approximately 24,000 members of the U.S.
Coast Guard Auxiliary.The Coast Guard has assigned primary responsibility for many recreational
boating safety tasks to the Auxiliary, including public boating safety education and voluntary
Vessel Safety Checks (formerly called Courtesy Examinations). Additionally, Auxiliarists
use their own vessels, boats, and aircraft (once registered as Coast Guard facilities)
to conduct safety patrols, aid in search and rescue missions, and perform other tasks on
behalf of the Coast Guard. Prior to 1997, Auxiliarists were largely limited
to activities supporting recreational boating safety. In 1997, however, new legislation
authorized the Auxiliary to participate in any and all Coast Guard missions except direct
military and direct law enforcement. Auxiliarists may directly augment active duty Coast Guard
personnel in non-combat, non-law enforcement roles (e.g. radio communications watch stander,
interpreter, cook, etc.) and may assist active duty personnel in inspecting commercial vessels
and maintaining aids-to-navigation. Auxiliarists may support the law enforcement and homeland
security missions of the Coast Guard but may not directly participate (make arrests, etc.),
and Auxiliarists are not permitted to carry a weapon while serving in any Auxiliary capacity.==Deployable Operations Group==The Deployable Operations Group (DOG) was
a Coast Guard command established in July 2007. The DOG established a single command
authority to rapidly provide the Coast Guard, Department of Homeland Security, Department
of Defense, Department of Justice and other interagency operational commanders adaptive
force packages drawn from the Coast Guard’s deployable specialized force units. The DOG
was disestablished on 22 April 2013 and its deployable specialized forces (DSF) units
were placed under the control of the Atlantic and Pacific Area Commanders.The planning for
the unit began after the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, and culminated with
its formation on 20 July 2007. Its missions included maritime law enforcement, anti-terrorism,
port security, pollution response, and diving operations.
There were over 25 specialized units within the Deployable Operations Group including
the Maritime Security Response Team, Maritime Safety and Security Teams, Law Enforcement
Detachments, Port Security Units, the National Strike Force, and Regional Dive Lockers. The
DOG also managed Coast Guard personnel assigned to the Navy Expeditionary Combat Command and
was involved in the selection of Coast Guard candidates to attend Navy BUD/S and serve
with Navy SEAL Teams.==Medals and honors==One Coast Guardsman, Douglas Albert Munro,
has earned the Medal of Honor, the highest military award of the United States. Fifty
five Coast Guardsmen have earned the Navy Cross and numerous men and women have earned
the Distinguished Flying Cross. The highest peacetime decoration awarded within
the Coast Guard is the Homeland Security Distinguished Service Medal; prior to the transfer of the
Coast Guard to the Department of Homeland Security, the highest peacetime decoration
was the Department of Transportation Distinguished Service Medal. The highest unit award available
is the Presidential Unit Citation. In wartime, members of the Coast Guard are
eligible to receive the Navy version of the Medal of Honor. A Coast Guard Medal of Honor
is authorized but has not yet been developed or issued.
In May 2006, at the Change of Command ceremony when Admiral Thad Allen took over as Commandant,
President George W. Bush awarded the entire Coast Guard, including the Coast Guard Auxiliary,
the Coast Guard Presidential Unit Citation with hurricane device, for its efforts during
and after Hurricane Katrina and Tropical Storm Rita.==Notable Coast Guardsmen==Numerous celebrities have served in the Coast
Guard including tennis player Jack Kramer, golfer Arnold Palmer, All Star baseball player
Sid Gordon, boxer Jack Dempsey; musicians Kai Winding, Rudy Vallee, Derroll Adams, and
Tom Waits; actors Buddy Ebsen, Sid Caesar, Victor Mature, Richard Cromwell, Alan Hale,
Jr., William Hopper, Beau Bridges, Jeff Bridges, Cesar Romero; author Alex Haley; and Senator
Claiborne Pell. Vice Admiral Thad Allen in 2005 was named
Principal Federal Officer to oversee recovery efforts in the Gulf Region after Hurricane
Katrina. After promotion to Admiral, on the eve of his retirement as Commandant, Allen
again received national visibility after being named National Incident Commander overseeing
the response efforts of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
Former Coast Guard officers have been appointed to numerous civilian government offices. After
retiring as Commandant of the Coast Guard in 2002, Admiral James Loy went on to serve
as administrator of the Transportation Security Administration and later as Deputy Secretary
of the Department of Homeland Security. After their respective Coast Guard careers, Carlton
Skinner served as the first Civilian Governor of Guam; G. William Miller, 65th Secretary
of the Treasury, and retired Vice Admiral Harvey E. Johnson, Jr. served as Deputy Administrator
and Chief Operating Officer of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) under President
George W. Bush. Rear Admiral Stephen W. Rochon was appointed by President George W. Bush
to serve as the Director of the Executive Residence and White House Chief Usher, beginning
service on 12 March 2007, and continued to serve in the same capacity under President
Barack Obama. Two Coast Guard aviators, Commander Bruce
E. Melnick and Captain Daniel C. Burbank, have served as NASA astronauts.
Signalman First Class Douglas Albert Munro was awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously,
and is the only Coast Guardsman to ever receive this honor.==Organizations=====Coast Guard Aviation Association===
Those who have piloted or flown in Coast Guard aircraft under official flight orders may
join the Coast Guard Aviation Association which was formerly known as the “Ancient Order
of the Pterodactyl” (“Flying Since the World was Flat”).
The Ancient Albatross Award is presented to the active duty USCG member who qualified
as an aviator earlier than any other person who is still serving. Separate enlisted and
officer awards are given.===Coast Guard CW Operators Association===
The Coast Guard CW Operators Association (CGCWOA) is a membership organization comprising primarily
former members of the United States Coast Guard who held the enlisted rating of Radioman
(RM) or Telecommunications Specialist (TC), and who employed International Morse Code
(CW) in their routine communications duties on Coast Guard cutters and at shore stations.===USCG Chief Petty Officers Association
===Members of this organization unite to assist
members and dependents in need, assist with Coast Guard recruiting efforts, support the
aims and goals of the Coast Guard Chief Petty Officers Academy, keep informed on Coast Guard
matters, and assemble for social amenities; and include Chief, Senior Chief, and Master
Chief Petty Officers, active, reserve and retired. Membership is also open to all Chief
Warrant Officers and Officers who have served as a Chief Petty Officer.===USCG Chief Warrant and Warrant Officers
Association (CWOA)===Established in 1929, the Chief Warrant and
Warrant Officers Association, United States Coast Guard (CWOA) represents Coast Guard
warrant and chief warrant officers (active, reserve and retired) to the Congress, White
House and the Department of Homeland Security. Additionally, the association communicates
with the Coast Guard leadership on matters of concern to Coast Guard chief warrant officers.==In popular culture==
The US Coast Guard maintains a Motion Picture and Television Office (MOPIC) in Hollywood,
California, along with its sister services at the Department of Defense dedicated to
enhancing public awareness and understanding of the Coast Guard, its people, and its missions
through a cooperative effort with the entertainment industry.===In film===
Fighting Coast Guard (1951), depicts Coast Guard trained to help win WWII.
The Boatniks (1970), is a light-hearted depiction of a Coast Guard unit tasked with supervising
recreational boaters on the California coast. The Island (1980), latter-day Caribbean pirates
capture the (fictional) cutter USCGC New Hope. Filming was done on USCGC Dauntless.
Bad Boys II (2003), depicts counter-drug helicopters from the Helicopter Interdiction Tactical
Squadron (HITRON). The Guardian (2006), depicts the Aviation
Survival Technician (AST) program. Pain & Gain (2013), starring Dwayne Johnson
and Mark Wahlberg, depicted the Coast Guard Deployable Operations Group in action.
The Finest Hours (2016), A film portraying the rescue of the crew of SS Pendleton by
coxswain Bernard C. Webber and the three other crewmen of Coast Guard Motor Lifeboat CG 36500.===On television===
The Coast Guard has been featured in several television series, including: Coast Guard was a syndicated television series
that aired for three seasons from 1995 to 1997 in the United States as well as overseas,
where it was called Sea Rescue. The series followed Coast Guard personnel as they performed
their missions. Coast Guard Alaska: Search and Rescue, a series
on The Weather Channel that features a Coast Guard search-and-rescue unit based in Kodiak,
Alaska. Several series have spun off the original to focus on units based in Cape Disappointment
and Florida. Deadliest Catch, works extensively with Base
Kodiak, who cooperates with the film crew to insure safety and has been featured in
several rescues. Doll & Em features an CG ANT team member and
the Point Vicente Light as the lighthouse Doll & Em escape to do their writing in the
Season 2 opener. Hawaii Five-0, features several episodes in
which the Five-0 team worked with Station Honolulu and Air Station Barbers Point.
NCIS, Diane Neal portrays Abigail Borin, CGIS Special Agent in Charge featured in several
episodes of both NCIS and NCIS: New Orleans.==See also=====Coast Guard======Related agencies===
List of United States federal law enforcement agencies
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries Office for Law Enforcement
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)
U.S. Maritime Administration U.S. Merchant Marine==Notes====References====Further reading==
Dolbow, Jim (2012). The Coast Guardsman’s Manual (10th ed.). Naval Institute Press,
Annapolis, Maryland. ISBN 978-1591142188. Coast Guard: Observations on Progress Made
and Challenges Faced in Developing and Implementing a Common Operational Picture: Testimony before
the Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation, Committee on Transportation
and Infrastructure, House of Representatives Government Accountability Office==External links==
U.S. Coast Guard Website About U.S. Coast Guard
Coast Guard Magazine Coast Guard manuals online
Coast Guard Flags USCG Homeport Website
Women & the U. S. Coast Guard Coast Guard in the Federal Register
Reports on the Coast Guard, Department of Homeland Security Office of Inspector General
‘A Cooperative Strategy for 21st Century Seapower’ U.S. Coast Guard Videos
Coast Guard Personnel Locator All Comprehensive Security Plans for Mid and
High Value Homes How to join the U.S. Coast Guard
U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary Website Coast Guard Channel
Coast Guard News Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports
regarding the U.S. Coast Guard at the Wayback Machine (archived 2009-08-06)
Greg Trauthwein (17 March 2014). “USCG … Past, Present & Future”. Maritime Reporter and Marine
News magazines online. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
US Coast Guard Networked Group on LinkedIn America’s Waterway Watch at the Library of
Congress Web Archives (archived 2010-12-13) United States Coast Guard at the Wayback Machine
(archived 29 January 1997)

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